First direct observation of hunting pelican eel reveals a bizarre fish with

first_img Email Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe First direct observation of hunting pelican eel reveals a bizarre fish with an inflatable head Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country What would you get if you crossed a pelican with an eel? Probably something close to the aptly named pelican eel (Eurypharynx pelecanoides), a bizarre-looking fish with a slender body and a head that inflates like a balloon.Because the pelican eel prefers to live between 500 and 3000 meters below the surface of tropical and temperate seas, it is seldom seen or photographed by humans. This makes it difficult to study the eel’s behavior to look for clues as to why it evolved such a strange head.Now, researchers have made what they believe to be the first direct observation of a pelican eel hunting for prey and captured the behavior on video. Researchers piloted a submarine to a depth of 1000 meters in the Atlantic Ocean, about 1500 kilometers off the coast of Portugal near a constellation of islands known as the Azores.center_img Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) By Frankie SchembriOct. 4, 2018 , 8:00 AM The team spotted the eel not only inflating its head to form a pouch for catching prey, but also actively hunting and swimming after smaller fish. Previous research had hypothesized that the eels inflated their heads to lure their prey or to create a large hole into which food could fall out of the water column, but these studies relied on evidence from the stomach contents of dead eels. The new video evidence suggests the eels take a much more active role in finding food: exploring their surroundings, stalking prey, and inflating their heads to maximize the probability of engulfing them.Earlier this month, another team of researchers caught a pelican eel on camera with an unmanned submarine off the coast of Hawaii. But that video shows only the inflation and deflation of the eel’s head, not its hunting behavior.The scientists hope to record more footage of the pelican eel and other unstudied deep-sea creatures to better understand the evolutionary history of their freaky features, and how they use these unusual adaptations to survive the harsh environments deep beneath the surface.last_img read more

Large strangely dim galaxy found lurking on far side of Milky Way

first_img Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe By Adam MannNov. 13, 2018 , 12:30 PM “RR Lyrae are so rare at these distances that even if you see two, you question why they are together,” says Vasily Belokurov, an astronomer at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom and a collaborator on the discovery. When the team found three, some 420,000 light-years away, it was “an overwhelming signal” of a large cluster of stars in that location, Belokurov says. But because the RR Lyrae stars lie on the far side of the disk of the Milky Way and its obstructing veil of stars and gas, finding their companions was not easy.Gaia data helped the team see past the foreground stars. Objects in the Milky Way’s disk are close enough for Gaia to measure their parallax: a shift in their apparent position as Earth moves around the sun. More distant stars appear fixed in one spot. After removing the parallax-bearing stars, the researchers homed in on more than 100 red giant stars moving together in the constellation Antlia, they report in a paper posted to the preprint server arXiv this week. The giants mark out a sprawling companion galaxy 100 times less massive than anything of similar size, with far fewer stars.To explain such a diffuse galaxy, Belokurov suggests that early in Antlia 2’s history, many young stars exploded as violent supernovae. This would have blown gas and dust out of the galaxy, weakening its gravity so that it puffed up. An abundance of the heavy elements that are strewn from the guts of exploding stars adds credibility to this idea, says Shea Garrison-Kimmel, an astrophysicist at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. Antlia 2 could also have lost matter as stars were tugged away by gravitational tidal forces as it orbited around the larger Milky Way.Even so, its disproportionate size is hard to explain. Galaxies are thought to have formed when the gravity of enormous clumps of dark matter drew in enough ordinary matter to fuel the birth of stars. The team speculates that Antlia 2 might have been born from a fluffier, faster-moving type of dark matter than current models hypothesize.To Garrison-Kimmel, one example isn’t enough to say the dark matter in Antlia 2 is different from that in the Milky Way and its other satellites. “There’s nothing in this one galaxy that screams to me that we need to rethink dark matter,” he says. “But if there are a lot of these, then we might need to take a step back and ask what’s going on.”That could happen now that astronomers know how to find these big, elusive companions. “I think this object is a harbinger,” Kravtsov says. “A taste of things to come.” Large, strangely dim galaxy found lurking on far side of Milky Way Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) Antlia 2 (upper left), hidden on the Milky Way’s far side, is as big as the Large Magellanic Cloud (lower right) but much dimmer. (A bright, artificial blob representing Antlia 2 was added to show its location.)center_img Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country G. Torrealba, Academia Sinica, Taiwan; V. Belokurov, Cambridge, U.K. and CCA, New York, U.S., based on an image by ESO/S. Brunie Circling our galaxy is a stealthy giant. Astronomers have discovered a dwarf galaxy, called Antlia 2, that is one-third the size of the Milky Way itself. As big as the Large Magellanic Cloud, the galaxy’s largest companion, Antlia 2 eluded detection until now because it is 10,000 times fainter. Such a strange beast challenges models of galaxy formation and dark matter, the unseen stuff that helps pull galaxies together.“It’s a very odd object and kind of exciting because we don’t know yet how to interpret all of its properties,” says Andrey Kravtsov of The University of Chicago in Illinois, who was not involved in the work.The galaxy was discovered with data from the European Space Agency’s Gaia satellite, a space telescope measuring the motions and properties of more than 1 billion stars in and around the Milky Way. Gabriel Torrealba, an astronomy postdoc at the Academia Sinica in Taipei, decided to sift the data for RR Lyrae stars. These old stars, often found in dwarf galaxies, shine with a throbbing blue light that pulses at a rate signaling their inherent brightness, allowing researchers to pin down their distance. Emaillast_img read more

Upcoming iOS Access Restrictions Could Stymie Law Enforcement

first_imgApple plans to equip iOS 12 with USB Restricted Mode, a feature that requires users to unlock their iPhone with their passcode before USB accessories can connect if the phone last was unlocked more than an hour earlier.The company included this feature in the developer versions of iOS 11.4.1 and iOS 12.Apple will release USB Restricted Mode publicly in a future software update, it confirmed to Reuters this week.USB Restricted Mode should work on iPads the same way as on iPhones because it’s a software feature, ElcomSoft CEO Vladimir Katalov told TechNewsWorld.”For the average user, this will probably be inconsequential,” said Randy Abrams, senior security analyst at Webroot.”For someone such as a government contractor, someone with expensive proprietary information, or any high-value target, it can make a difference,” he told TechNewsWorld. “Enterprises are subject to espionage and the theft of proprietary information.” USB Restricted Mode “supports our right to privacy,” observed Rob Enderle, principal analyst at the Enderle Group.”For some screwy reason, the U.S. principle for cellphones and technology in general is that if it could help convict a criminal it’s OK to put the billions using the technology at risk,” he told TechNewsWorld.”I think U.S. law enforcement has lost perspective here badly,” Enderle said, “largely because the senior folks fundamentally don’t understand the related risks.” Once USB Restricted Mode is invoked, iOS stops sending data over the USB port, noted researcher Oleg Afonin in a post published earlier this month.The second beta of iOS 11.4.1, released earlier this week, extends the SOS mode so that it blocks all USB communications, Touch ID and Face ID, until the user unlocks the iPhone with a passcode.There’s a widespread belief that USB Restricted Mode targets law enforcement agencies, which use passcode cracking tools — such as those from Cellebrite and GrayShift — to get around iPhone security.Police departments around the country reportedly have been purchasing those solutions.The United States Drug Enforcement Agency earlier this year issued a solicitation for GrayShift’s GrayKey. The DEA had subscribed to Cellebrite’s solution in 2016. USB Restricted Mode will render these technologies useless.U.S. law enforcement agencies have demanded a backdoor in high-tech products, and the FBI has been trying to crack Apple’s security for years.Their side took a hit last month, when The Washington Post reported that the FBI repeatedly had overstated the dangers of encryption, both to the public and to Congress.”It’s tempting to believe that this is part of a tit-for-tat with U.S. law enforcement agencies reportedly buying unlocking technologies in recent months,” said Eric Smith, director of connected computing at Strategy Analytics.”However, I believe Apple has been working on these ‘bugs’ as a practical matter to secure its devices primarily as a consumer issue, especially since it has positioned itself as the antithesis of Google — and now Facebook — when it comes to how personal data is used, monetized and where that data is stored,” he told TechNewsWorld.”I don’t think [USB Restricted Mode] is aimed at law enforcement agencies, however severe the impact to those entities may be,” Webroot’s Abrams said, likening the feature to PGP. Shortening the Long Arm of the Lawcenter_img Loss of Perspective? Richard Adhikari has been an ECT News Network reporter since 2008. His areas of focus include cybersecurity, mobile technologies, CRM, databases, software development, mainframe and mid-range computing, and application development. He has written and edited for numerous publications, including Information Week and Computerworld. He is the author of two books on client/server technology. Email Richard.last_img read more

Mapping the trillion cells in the human body

first_imgThis new project follows the Human Genome Project from the early 2000s and is just as ambitious. Five tissue mapping centres are collaborating in this project. One of these is the University of Florida. University of Florida for example is mapping tissues and cells from spleen, thymus and the lymph nodes. These are part of the lymphatic system that forms the basis of the immune system of the body.The researchers would map the position and 3D structure of the cells and also look at the proteins that they produce, genes that they can turn on and map out the three dimensional model of these organ systems in details.According to Harry Nick of the University of Florida these normal cells used for the mapping would be obtained from “transplant-grade human tissues from deceased organ donors” aged from infants to 70 year olds. These would come from the Organ Procurement Organizations after the family or legal representatives have consented to it. These organs and the tissues would then be used for science, he explained. Tissues that are “normal” and with “no known or observable pathologies” would only be studied in the initial stages of this mapping, he said. Because of the wide range of age groups that would be studied, the scientists hope that physiological changes of age would also be reflected in the studies. Internal structure of a cell. Digital illustration. Image Credit: Andrea Danti / Shutterstock Related StoriesMathematical model helps quantify metastatic cell behaviorStudy: Megakaryocytes play an important role in cell migrationAbcam Acquire Off-The-Shelf Diploid Library of Over 2,800 Knockout Cell LinesThe NIH plans that this HuBMAP program would be using the latest imaging technologies as well as microscopy and also use the genetic sequencing technologies. This week (26th of September 2018), the NIH announced the first set of grants that was allotted for the research teams for this project.Ziv Bar-Joseph, a professor of computational biology and machine learning at Carnegie Mellon University, leading one of the teams said this project is the “spiritual successor to the Human Genome Project”. He said to one of the science websites that science was moving from “1D to 3D” and this would really help in understanding human biology.The project is expected to reach its final lap in around 2025. The NIH has planned a budget of around $54 million on HuBMAP over the next 4 years from the NIH Common Fund. James M. Anderson, M.D., Ph.D., director of the Division of Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives, which oversees the NIH Common Fund said in a statement, “We’re excited for HuBMAP to start its journey to expand our understanding of the principles of tissue organization. We expect HuBMAP to provide a vital framework for global efforts to comprehensively understand the human body at a biomolecular level.” By Dr. Ananya Mandal, MDSep 26 2018The human body is made up of 100 trillion cells and a team of scientists are now planning on cataloguing and imaging each of these cells in the body and creating a 3D human body map.There are over 200 types of cells in the body from 80 different organs and the researchers would map out the genes that activate these cells in details in this new Human BioMolecular Atlas Program (HuBMAP).The HuBMAP program was announced as a years long initiative by the National Institutes of Health in 2017 to develop a global framework for “comprehensively mapping the human body.” Source:https://theconversation.com/mapping-the-100-trillion-cells-that-make-up-your-body-103078last_img read more

Mailing selfcollection HPV kits has potential to boost cervical cancer screening

first_img Source:http://unclineberger.org/news/mailed-hpv-tests-can-help-find-women-at-risk Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Nov 7 2018University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers have found that mailing self-collection kits to test for high-risk human papillomavirus infection has the potential to boost cervical cancer screening – especially for low-income women who are overdue for testing.In the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, researchers published the results of mailing at-home, HPV self-collection kits to 193 low-income women in North Carolina who were overdue for screening according to national guidelines. They reported this screening approach detected high-risk HPV in all of the cases of women who were found to have high-grade, abnormal cervical precancerous growths, showing that self-collection at home for HPV may be a viable method to identify women at high-risk for cervical cancer.”This is a demonstration that mailing self-collection kits and returning them to test for high-risk HPV infection has big potential to increase screening access among under-screened women, and to do that successfully,” said UNC Lineberger’s Jennifer S. Smith, the study’s senior author, and a professor in the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health.Although cervical cancer is preventable through early detection and treatment, the American Cancer Society estimates that more than 4,100 women will die from cervical cancer in the United States this year. Nearly 20 percent of women in the United States who are eligible for cervical cancer screening report they haven’t been tested for cervical cancer within the recommended time interval, national surveys have shown.”Women are dying unnecessarily of cervical cancer because they either haven’t been vaccinated against HPV in adolescence, or they’ve not been getting screened according to national guidelines,” Smith said. “Increasing screening rates among under-screened women is of paramount importance.”In 2014, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration signed off on using an HPV test alone to screen for cervical cancer for women 25 years and older, in conjunction with the Pap test. Earlier this year, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force gave an “A” rating to HPV primary screening alone for women aged 30 to 65.”There are a lot of different barriers that cause women to be underscreened,” said the study’s first author Andrea Des Marais, MPH, project manager with the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health. “HPV tests are being widely used now in the United States, but only through physician collection in clinical practice, which requires that women come to a clinic. Offering HPV testing using self-collection by mail has a lot of potential to reach women who are the highest risk of being screened: those who don’t access regular medical care.”Related StoriesStudy reveals link between inflammatory diet and colorectal cancer riskLiving with advanced breast cancerStudy: Nearly a quarter of low-risk thyroid cancer patients receive more treatment than necessaryFor the study, researchers mailed at-home, self-collection kits to low-income women in North Carolina who were overdue for screening by national guidelines. They included women between the ages of 30 and 64 years who had reported no history of receiving a Pap test, which checks for precancerous or cancerous cells, within the past four years.Researchers provided study participants with self-collection brushes along with instructions for how to take a sample from inside the vagina. The brush samples were then tested in a lab for HPV and other sexually transmitted infections. Participants also self-collected samples at a clinic and handed them to a nurse, and had a pelvic exam for a clinician to collect a Pap smear sample.The researchers compared the results from self- and clinician-samples – which were tested for high-risk HPV strains that are linked to cervical cancer – to the Pap results and the results of cervical biopsies collected during colposcopy, which is a secondary diagnostic test that confirms the presence of cervical pre-cancerous lesions among women with abnormal Pap smear results.The home self-collection test indicated that 12.4 percent of women were infected with high-risk HPV, the self-collection tests used in the clinic found 15.5 of the women had high-risk HPV infection, and the clinician-collected test identified 11.4 percent of the women had high-risk HPV infection.”We found comparable detection between self-collection and physician-collection,” Des Marais said.All women found to have high-grade cervical lesions by Pap smear or by cervical biopsy were positive for high-risk HPV on their home self-collected sample.”We found in this sample, all of the women who had high-grade lesions had HPV-positive home self-collection results,” Smith said. “We didn’t miss any of those high-grade cases by conducting home self-collection.”Smith said there is more work to be done, such as identifying ways to make the self-collection process more efficient and cost-effective, and getting FDA approval for the clinical use of self-collection for cervical cancer screening.”This is a proof-in-principle study that we used to determine whether home self-collection is highly effective for detecting high-grade disease,” Smith said. “We are already working on the next step, which is a clinical trial in which women who aren’t up-to-date on screening get either a referral to a free clinic appointment to receive a screening, or receive a self-collection kit in the mail, followed by referral to a free clinic appointment. This will allow us to determine the effect that self-collection has on screening uptake.”last_img read more

Overprescribing of antidepressants may occur more often in elderly patients

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jan 24 2019In a Pharmacology Research & Perspectives study of individuals living in Olmsted County, Minnesota from 2005–2012, potential overprescribing of antidepressant medications occurred in nearly one-quarter of elderly residents.Potential antidepressant overprescribing was most likely in individuals residing in nursing homes; patients having a higher number of comorbid medical conditions; individuals who were outpatients; those taking more concomitant medications; those having greater use of acute care services; and those receiving prescriptions via telephone, e-mail, or patient portal.”Our results, in agreement with others, suggest that the potential overprescribing of antidepressants may occur more often in elderly people who have a higher degree of clinical complexity or severity,” said lead author Dr. William Bobo, of the Mayo Clinic, in Jacksonville, Florida. “This is important to consider because these individuals may be at especially high risk for clinically significant depression, and clinicians may be left with relatively little time to discuss the individual concerns that may prompt the issuing of an antidepressant prescription. This is something that we would like to look into in future studies.Source: https://newsroom.wiley.com/press-release/pharmacology-research-perspectives/overprescribing-antidepressant-medications-may-be-clast_img read more

Many lowincome infants receive formula in the first few days of life

first_imgReviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)May 2 2019The World Health Organization and American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life. However, new research led by George Mason University’s College of Health and Human Services found high rates of mixed breastfeeding and early introduction of formula among their sample of low-income, predominately Hispanic immigrant women participating in the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) federal food assistance program.Assistant Professor Dr. Sina Gallo led the study with colleagues from the Loudoun County Health Department and Georgetown University. Published in Public Health Nutrition, they found that 61% of infants in their sample received formula in the first few days of life. More than half of the mothers reported use of formula due to perceived insufficient milk supply. Going back to work was also commonly cited as a reason for introducing formula, and some cultural beliefs may have encouraged the use of a mix of both breast milk and formula.Mothers who set an exclusive breastfeeding goal were five times more likely to be exclusively breastfeeding at three months post-partum. Those who did not complete high school were four times more likely to be exclusively breastfeeding at three months and six times more likely to be exclusively breastfeeding at six months than those who had completed a high school education or greater.The researchers suggested that most early breast-feeding problems can be addressed with education about when and how much to breastfeed and culturally appropriate support from clinicians. Gallo explains, “The main reason for introduction of formula was a perceived insufficient milk supply–which is likely a preventable reason–and education on sufficient breastmilk in the first few days as well as improved baby friendly hospital practices such as skin-to-skin and feeding in the first hour can help mitigate this practice.”Related StoriesResearchers identify gene mutations linked to leukemia in children with Down’s syndromeWhy Mattresses Could be a Health Threat to Sleeping ChildrenLoose double-stranded RNA molecules spur skin rejuvenationThis study investigated the feeding patterns of 190 low-income, predominantly Hispanic immigrant women who attended two WIC clinics in Loudoun County, Virginia. 81 percent were living below the federal poverty line, and food insecurity was high.”The early rates of introduction of formula in the population surveyed is alarming – 17 percent reported giving formula at the first feed and 45 percent before they left the hospital. This is the time when support systems should be in place to help mothers exclusively breastfeed, yet many are choosing formula feeding at this time,” explained Gallo.The researchers explained that in most cases it is possible for new mothers to adapt to exclusive breastfeeding, with education intervention from WIC counsellors, as well as changes in WIC policies to encourage and support breastfeeding.”Our study aims to inform policymakers of the best way to help minority mothers earning low incomes to adopt exclusive breastfeeding. WIC already provides an expanded food package for exclusively breastfeeding mothers as well as access to lactation counselors. However an increased focus on intense lactation support in the first weeks, including limiting formula as a part of the WIC package for the first month to special circumstances may further help support mothers to meet breastfeeding recommendations,” Gallo noted. Source:https://chhs.gmu.edu/news/576726last_img read more

Researchers compare American Pacific and Southeast Asian subtypes of Zika virus

first_imgJun 10 2019Over recent years, Zika virus (ZIKV) has spread eastward from Africa and Asia, leading to an epidemic in the Americas. Now, researchers comparing American, Pacific and Southeast Asian subtypes of the virus in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have concluded that the American-subtype strain has the highest ability to grow both in vitro and in vivo. ZIKV is a Flaviviridae family virus carried by infected Aedes mosquitos. It was first isolated in Uganda in the mid-twentieth century but has since spread to Micronesia, Oceania, and most recently South America, Central America, North America and the Caribbean. The strains in each area, however, are distinct; genetic analyses have shown three subtypes—American, Pacific and Southeast Asian. Previous research has suggested that these subtypes differ in their infectious profiles.Related StoriesIncreasing awareness about visceral leishmaniasis could help reduce fatalities, disease transmissionStudy finds increase in cigarette smoking among minority teens after college affirmative action bansMutant bacterial receptor could help identify therapeutic compounds that inhibit quorum sensingIn the new work, Shigeru Tajima, of the Japanese National Institute of Infectious Disease, and colleagues compared the PRVABC59 American subtype, the ZIKV/Hu/Chiba/S36/2016 (ChibaS36) Pacific subtype and the ZIKV/Hu/NIID123/2016 (NIID123) Southeast Asian subtype. They examined the growth rates both in vitro and in mice, and observed the viral loads and levels of testis damage in the infected mice.The PRVABC59 and ChibaS36 strains had significantly higher growth ability than NIID123 in multiple types of isolated cells, with the American strain having the highest growth potential. Moreover, two weeks post-infection, the amount of infectious particles and viral RNA in the genital tracts of male mice was lowest in those animals infected with the NIID123 strain. At 6 weeks post-infection, there was more testis damage in the mice infected with the American PRVABC59 stain.“These results raise the possibility that ZIKV have acquired elevated proliferative capacity and pathogenicity during the process of the virus spreading from Southeast Asia to the Americas through the Pacific Islands,” the researchers say.Source:PLOSJournal reference:Kawai, Y. et al. (2019) Increased growth ability and pathogenicity of American- and Pacific-subtype Zika virus (ZIKV) strains compared with a Southeast Asian-subtype ZIKV strain. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007387. Testis of mice infected with American subtype ZIKV strain (ZIKV-positive cells in brown). Credit: Shigeru Tajima, CC BY 4.0last_img read more

Putting people at the heart of big data

Provided by Horizon: The EU Research & Innovation Magazine Explore further The infrastructure offers access to facilities in the form of huge datasets, libraries of algorithms, and ready-to-use data toolkits provided by 12 European research institutions experienced in big data analytics.PrivacyBut the project’s focus on ethics has another form.It draws on the expertise of data scientists to help transform research questions into big data analytical processes which are based on the concept of ‘privacy-by-design’—posing the appropriate legal and ethical questions that a data scientist must ask themselves right from the beginning. And it’s coming just in time.Late May will bring about the introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), a new EU law which was created to govern personal data protection in Europe.The idea of the GDPR is to give people greater control of their data, by allowing them to know what data organisations hold about them and how it is used, as well as making it easy to change permissions.An area that will be heavily affected by the changes this will bring is the biomedical sector—one of the reasons why the work of a project called My Health My Data (MHMD) may likely prove very useful.MHMD coordinator Professor Edwin Morley-Fletcher, president of e-health consultancy Lynkeus, says the aim is to design a network that gives people full control of their personal healthcare data.The project, which is due to finish next year, would complement hospital data systems with an open biomedical information interface allowing hospitals, researchers, and businesses to use de-identified data for open research, at the same time as letting patients manage their personal data account from an electronic device.”With the GDPR coming, whenever you deal with re-identifiable data, the privacy of the data subjects must be strongly guaranteed,” he said. “Normally, all hospitals have systemised data that can be traced back to the patients, which implies a strong need to have direct consent from the patient, and the capacity to full traceability of it, to know what happens with the data.”BlockchainThis is why MHMD’s project leaders decided to make a distributed, peer-to-peer network based on blockchain, which is essentially a decentralised digital ledger system. It creates a secure management layer for encrypted and anonymised data, opening it up for shared use while ensuring the privacy of the patient.Moreover, the possibility of ‘smart contracts’ in certain types of blockchain means that patients can set and update the consent conditions controlling how their data are used, with these contracts automatically dictating how the data can be accessed or re-used in any given circumstance.”It’s an aspect of empowerment, the democratisation of data in a sense,” said Prof. Morley-Fletcher.”The goal is to make it as frictionless as possible, with no bureaucracy, so that hospital data controllers and individuals can make clear decisions on what happens with data.”The approaches of MHMD and SoBigData align with Europe’s vision of a shared online repository making all data from publicly funded research available for all—the European Open Science Cloud.Late 2017’s European Open Science Cloud event in Brussels made it clear that the EU would like to see this science cloud become a reality by 2020, and around €272 million of the Horizon 2020 budget for 2018-2020 is already earmarked for its implementation. Citation: Putting people at the heart of big data (2018, March 12) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-03-people-heart-big.html Facebook to launch privacy center ahead of EU regulations Big data has given scientists – and companies – a treasure trove of new information for analysing, understanding and predicting human behaviour, but it’s also thrown up a raft of questions about privacy and ownership. Our smartphone societies are inundated with new services, which sees us donating data in ways we seldom consider, with privacy implications that echo far beyond a light tap on the “Accept’ button. So how do we make sure that the data revolution benefits both individual people and the society we live in?Fosca Giannotti, project coordinator of SoBigData, an open ecosystem for ‘ethic-sensitive scientific discoveries,” sees the need for alternatives that help avoid the concentration of big data in a few hands.Big data, which she defines as ‘the mass digital traces of human activities, captured as our activities are mediated through IT services,” comes with both risks and benefits.”(People) are fascinated with using new services, thus donating our data to these—meaning that there are many new opportunities for scientists to study human behaviour,” explained Giannotti. “On the other side, this data goes to companies, and there is the risk of data being centralised in bigger and bigger silos—e.g. with Google—creating imbalance between such owners and individuals.”Novel questionsGiannotti, a research director at the Information Science and Technology Institute “Alessandro Faedo’ in Pisa, Italy, says opening up access to big data for analysis by non-specialists can help it be used for social good, for example, in examining topics like medical research, public transport and epidemics.”Many researchers are demonstrating how human mobility data like that from mobile phones can be used to indicate the health of a country. Or, in social debate, we can understand better what happened by analysing social media use during Brexit, looking at fake news or detecting bots,” said Giannotti.”Our virtual environment will support non-experts in creating such experiments.”SoBigData, which is short for the Social Mining & Big Data Ecosystem, is a safe virtual research environment that allows researchers, economists, decision makers, and innovators to ask novel questions of big data, ‘to fully unleash the power of big data analytics for all.” Big data could not only benefit large companies, but also provide knowledge about a society’s health, for example. Credit: Pxhere/876718, licensed under CC0 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. read more

Successful launch of rocket from highaltitude balloon makes space more accessible to

first_img Leo Aerospace LLC, a Purdue University-affiliated startup based in Los Angeles, launched its first “rockoon,” a high-power rocket from a reusable balloon platform, from the Mojave Desert in southern California in December.”It was thrilling to see that first launch after all those months of hard work and planning,” said Michael Hepfer, head of product development for Leo Aerospace and a senior in Purdue’s School of Industrial Engineering. “It confirmed our early testing that using high-altitude balloons and rockets to send microsatellites into space will work.”Leo Aerospace aims to revolutionize access to space for those looking to launch small satellites about the size of toasters, weighing up to 25 kilograms, or about 110 pounds. It plans to be a “dedicated” launch for microsatellites, serving one customer at a time.SpaceWorks Enterprises Inc. issued a report last year estimating that as many as 2,600 nanosatellites or microsatellites will be launched over the next five years. To accomplish this, more companies that can send the satellites into space are needed. “We at Leo believe it should be as easy to put a microsatellite into space as it is to ship a package across the country,” said Dane Rudy, the company’s chief executive officer and a graduate of Purdue’s School of Mechanical Engineering. “There will be no more need for ridesharing or hitchhiking.”Large aerospace launch companies generally cater more to large satellite companies, leaving microsatellite companies to wait to see if there is any leftover space available, and the microsatellite operators must try to find rockets that will deploy their equipment somewhere in the vicinity of where they would like. Even then, it can take months to maneuver into place after already waiting for months to be deployed.”It’s like taking a bus compared to taking an Uber,” Hepfer said. “With us, you’re our only customer, so we’ll take you wherever you want to be.”Hepfer said the advantage Leo Aerospace will have over larger companies is that its clients will be the microsatellite companies and they will be able to deploy to precise locations. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Provided by Purdue University Credit: Purdue University Leo Aerospace already has begun taking letters of intent from microsatellite companies. Hepfer said the company doesn’t plan to start selling launches until it is ready to begin launches. Leo plans to begin doing suborbital launches next year and break the edge of space by 2021. Suborbital launches allow scientists to gather information about the atmosphere and other research data.The goal is to be able to start launching microsatellites into orbit by 2022. Those microsatellites will be able to monitor the health of crops, to track global commodity supplies and to advance scientific exploration.”The number of ways the microsatellites are being used just keeps growing,” Hepfer said.The microsatellites typically don’t stay in orbit as long as larger satellites, typically staying in orbit one to five years. That means the possibility of return business, Hepfer said.”Because we could have customers coming back every five years,” he said, “it also motivates microsatellite companies to look for launch vehicles that will give them the highest value.”Hepfer said the launch in December, which did not include deploying a satellite, provided Leo Aerospace with valuable data.”We got some great information about what happens to the balloon craft when the rocket is launching because it shakes, vibrates, and twists. So next time we launch a bigger rocket we know what changes need to be made beforehand. Every time we do this we learn how to make it better for the next one,” he said.The team members say they’ve learned a lot about how to run a business and how to launch a rocket and hit every milestone they set on target.”The big challenge was figuring out how to integrate a high-altitude balloon with the logistics of attaching a rocket to it and then launching it remotely,” Hepfer said. “A big part of that was automating a lot of the systems because the balloon is going to be out of sight when the rocket is launched.”With the test launch completed, the startup founders are now planning to move on to their next phase, which involves raising $8 million to fund the company for the next two years. They also are looking to add personnel, including a vice president for business development and vice president of engineering. They are looking for people experienced in the aerospace industry who can bring valuable aerospace know-how.The team spent two months in Australia last summer taking part in Startmate, an accelerator program, and plans to conduct at least some of its launches Down Under. Leo Aerospace’s long-term business plan includes doing a number of launches from Australia because regulations and air traffic can allow companies to fly more frequently, Hepfer said. Using the high-altitude balloon as a launch pad will save money because it will deploy the rocket from up to 11 miles into the atmosphere. At that altitude, there is 95 percent less atmosphere, meaning there is much less drag. That means Leo Aerospace can use smaller rockets and less fuel. Team members of Leo Aerospace LLC, who created the startup while they were students at Purdue University, prepare to launch a rocket from a high-altitude balloon in the Mojave Desert in southern California. The test launch of the “rockoon” in December was a success. Leo Aerospace is seeking to make space more accessible for those wanting to deploy small satellites. Credit: Purdue Universitycenter_img ‘Rockoons’ may soon make launching satellites into space more accessible Explore further Citation: Successful launch of rocket from high-altitude balloon makes space more accessible to microsatellites (2019, February 13) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-02-successful-rocket-high-altitude-balloon-space.html A startup that plans to use high-altitude balloons to deploy rockets has successfully fired a test launch, moving closer to its goal of helping end the backlog of microsatellites that wait months or longer to “hitch” a ride on larger rockets.last_img read more

Finding fake fingerprints

first_imgIt was once the stuff of science fiction security, open your eye wide and look into the camera to gain entry to the spaceship flight deck or press a finger tip or palm of your against the pad to access the secret database that lets you take control of the baddies’ weapons. Today, of course, iris recognition, fingerprint readers, and other biometric systems are becoming increasingly commonplace. Most modern smart phones have a fingerprint reader that lets you unlock your phone without having to remember a password or number. Journal information: International Journal of Biometrics Provided by Inderscience Credit: CC0 Public Domain More information: Rohit Agrawal et al. Fake fingerprint liveness detection based on micro and macro features, International Journal of Biometrics (2019). DOI: 10.1504/IJBM.2019.099065 Fingerprint and face scanners aren’t as secure as we think they arecenter_img Citation: Finding fake fingerprints (2019, June 5) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-fake-fingerprints.html Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Of course, from a security perspective, what’s to stop a third party “lifting” your fingerprint, and creating a facsimile of its loops, whorls and arches with a piece of a skin-like rubbery material and then presenting this to the biometric device to gain access? The simple answer is nothing! Moreover, for a simple fingerprint ID system, there would be no way for it to know that the presented fingerprint was not part of a living person’s finger rather than a rubber dab.However, writing in the International Journal of Biometrics, a team from India describes their approach to developing a system that not only reads fingerprints but can detect the “liveness” of the fingerprint based on an algorithmic analysis of micro and macro features. Rohit Agrawal and Anand Singh Jalal of GLA University, in Mathura, and K.V. Arya of the Institute of Engineering and Technology, in Lucknow, explain that their approach sidesteps the problem associated with earlier statistical methods that work well with micro, but not the macro, features of a fingerprint.The team explains that they have combined local Haralick micro texture features with macro features derived from neighbourhood grey-tone difference matrix. This allows them to generate an effective feature vector. They then train the algorithm with known fingerprints and test it against genuine and fake fingerprints. They achieve an almost 95 percent accuracy with a low error rate. Earlier systems can boast only 90 percent accuracy.last_img read more

Amazon Prime Day The Best Science Kit Deals

first_imgIf you have a child who loves to dig up bugs, build rolling robots, or is just curious about how things work, one of these science kits may be for you. Here’s a look at what Amazon has on sale today (July 16) as Prime Day deals for its Prime members.  Live Science will continue to update this page throughout the day with new deals and updates to current science kit deals.  Spy Science KitHeadbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/59752-amazon-prime-day-science-kits.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35  Embrace your inner 007 and learn about science, with this kit, which offers two exciting mysteries to solve using eight scientific activities. Learn about how crime labs work as you match fingerprints, analyze DNA and test liquids and powders. Recommended for ages 8 and up. Prime Day price: $12.70, a savings of 42% for Prime members Buy Spy Science Kit on Amazon.com Magical Microbes DoughLab We wouldn’t be able to make bread without microbes! This kit will teach curious young bakers about the interactions of different microorganisms in baking, and how they affect the texture and taste of delicious bread. Kit includes: high-protein flour, dry yeast, baking tins, mixing containers, inflatable gloves, wooden mixing sticks, a measuring spoon, sugar and salt. Prime Day price: $19.99, a savings of 25% for Prime members Buy Magical Microbes DoughLab on Amazon.com Clickety Flix Retroscope Take a step back into the early days of moviemaking, with the Smartivity Clickety Flix Retroscope kit. Make “movies” from still images by building a hand-cranked device to rotate images like a flipbook, creating an animated show from sequential photos or drawings. Prime Day price: $26.45, a savings of 24% for Prime members Buy Clickety Flix Retroscope on Amazon.com Fruit Battery Science Experiment Kit Did you know that you can generate electricity with fruits or vegetables? This kit provides everything you’ll need (except the produce) to turn a banana, tomato, lemon or potato into a working battery that can power LED lights or an electronic clock. Prime Day price: $7.19, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Fruit Battery Kit on Amazon.com Optical Illusions Science Kit You won’t believe your eyes when you peer at the optical illusions in this kit. Over a dozen experiments will engage and delight kids ages 8 to 12, teaching them about what makes an optical illusion and how our brains “trick” our eyes by transforming what we see. Prime Day price: $17.59, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Optical Illusions Kit on Amazon.com Weird Slime Goo Lab Immerse yourself up to the elbows in the gooey, gross science of slime. This kit contains everything you need to make squishy handfuls of slime, including slime ingredients; protective goggles, mask and gloves; and resealable containers. “Recipes” for special types of slime will help you create “blood clots,” “leech soup,” and “rat guts noodles.” Prime Day price: $25.20, Prime members save an additional 20% at checkout Buy Slime Goo Lab on Amazon.com Blast-Off Space Rocket Reach for the stars with a kit for building a wooden rocket and launch pad, assembled with rubber bands. Adjusting the elastic bands controls the speed of the rocket. Finished models may be customized with paint (not included). Prime Day price: $19.74, a 21% savings for Prime members Buy Blast-Off Space Rocket on Amazon.com Light-Up Terrarium Inside this container is a tiny world: a miniature garden which can be illuminated at night by a built-in LED light. The kit includes colored sand, rocks and soil; wheatgrass and chia seeds; whimsical miniatures of a mushroom and rabbit; and tools for planting and watering the seeds. Prime Day price: $19.99, a 20% savings for Prime members Buy Light-Up Terrarium on Amazon.com Jumbo Gem Dig Kit Any geologist will tell you that this kit really rocks. Grab a chisel and mallet and start whacking away at the “dig brick” to excavate 15 real and gorgeous gems, including lapis lazuli, red jasper, dragon’s eye, snowflake obsidian, serpentine and rainbow fluorite. An illustrated gem guide provides helpful digging tips and facts about the gems. Prime Day price: $14.74, a 41% savings for Prime members Buy Jumbo Gem Dig Kit on Amazon.com Physics Lab Kids’ faces will light up when they see this kit for experiments in electricity and magnetism. Recommended for grades 7 to 12, the kit includes 56 items for building electrical projects and 21 items for creating magnetic projects. The kit requires 3 AA batteries (not included). Prime Day price: $39.99, a 50% savings for Prime members Buy Physics Lab on Amazon.com Back to the Roots Water Garden Betta Fish Aquaponic Ecosystem Science Kit for Kids Raise a colorful betta fish (Betta splendens) and grow hydroponic plants at the same time using this educational kit. Kids will learn how an ecosystem works: The fish’s waste nourishes the plants, which in turn provide oxygen for the water. This kit contains radish and wheatgrass seeds and a growing medium; water conditioner and dechlorinator; PH strips for testing the water; and fish food (fish not included). Prime Day price: $76.30, a savings of 43% for Prime members Buy Aquaponic Ecosystem Kit on Amazon.com Magnets! Super Science Kit for Kids If your child is attracted to magnets, this kit may be for you. With 20 lab tools and 9 experiments, children age 8 and up will learn how magnetic forces work and how they shape technologies that are used every day. Prime Day price: $29.95, save an additional 20% at checkout Buy Magnets! Science Kit on Amazon.com Giggleway Electric Motor Robotic Science Kit Kids as young as 8 will learn about robotics, circuitry and engineering as they assemble these endearing, googly-eyed robots. The kit includes parts for three robot friends: a “reptile robot,” a car robot and a doodling robot. Prime Day price: $18.00, a savings of 17% for Prime members Buy Robotic Science Kit on Amazon.com Amscope Beginner Microscope Kit This durable metal compound microscope is perfect for beginners. It includes a built-in light for direct illumination as well as a mirror for natural lighting, and provides six levels of magnification: 120X, 240X, 300X, 480X, 600X and 1200X. The kit comes in a sturdy carrying case and also contains sample slides, cover slips, tweezers, a scalpel, specimen vials, and adjustable lenses — everything a budding scientist needs to get started! Prime Day price: $36.79, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Beginner Microscope Kit on Amazon.com Climbing Vehicle STEM Kit This build-it-yourself vehicle doesn’t need roads. In this kit, kids will find parts, tools and instructions for constructing a 4-wheel-drive vehicle that navigates over uneven surfaces. Recommended for ages 7 and up, the climbing vehicle kit includes gears and a motor powered by a solar panel or a AA battery (not included). Prime Day price: $18.59, a savings of 38% for Prime members Buy Climbing Vehicle STEM Kit on Amazon.com Bones! Animal Science Kit for Kids Recommended for ages 8 and up, this kit introduces children to the excitement (and grossness) of using lab tools to pry apart owl pellets — regurgitated balls of undigested bones — to identify the animals that the owls have eaten. The kit comes with a 20-page lab guide and 10 learning activities about using owl pellets to gather clues about owls, their prey and their habitats. Prime Day price: $29.92, save an additional 20% at checkout Buy Bones! Animal Science Kit on Amazon.com Elecfly Kids’ Microscope Suitable for ages 5 and up, this colorful, easy-to-use microscope will allow young children to observe insects, plants and even creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye. There are three fixed lenses in a rotatable head, providing 6 levels of magnification: 40x, 64x, 100x, 160x, 400x and 640x. The kit includes 25 specimen slides, a petri dish, forceps, a dropper, a test tube, cover slips, and an instruction manual.   Prime Day price: $31.99, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Elecfly Kids’ Microscope on Amazon.com Fizz! Chemistry Lab Kit Pop! Fizz! Kids age 8 (with adult supervision) and up will have a blast learning basic principles of chemistry and testing materials that spark, foam and snap. The kit includes everything you’ll need to enjoy hours of chemistry learning and fun, including protective goggles, food coloring, baking soda, measuring cups, spatulas, brushes, a pipette and a 36-page career and lab guide. Prime Day price: $29.95, save an additional 20% at checkout Buy Fizz! Chemistry Kit on Amazon.com Pica Toys Wooden Solar and Wireless Remote Control Car Kit Spark your child’s imagination with a kit that introduces them to fundamentals of electricity and circuits, as they build a wireless remote control car that runs on solar power. Suitable for ages 6 and up. Prime Day price: $27.99, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Wooden Solar Car on Amazon.com Mega Fossil Dig Kit Young paleontologists will really dig this fossil kit, which comes with 15 fossils for them to excavate. The kit includes a chisel, brush and mallet for chipping away at a block that holds fossilized shark teeth, dinosaur bones, ammonites (extinct sea animals) and more. Prime Day price: $19.74, a savings of 21% for Prime members Buy Mega Fossil Dig Kit on Amazon.com Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoLivestlyThe List Of Dog Breeds To Avoid At All CostsLivestlyUndoBirch Gold GroupThis IRS Tax Law is Sweeping the U.S.Birch Gold GroupUndoAngels & EntrepreneursHow you can Maximize $50 – Shark InvestingAngels & EntrepreneursUndolast_img read more

The Congresss surgical strike on poverty says Rahul Gandhi on promised minimum

first_imgnational elections March 26, 2019 political campaigns Congress president Rahul Gandhi on Tuesday termed his party’s promise of minimum guaranteed income to the poorest 20 per cent households a “surgical strike on poverty” and said nobody should be poor in 21st century India.Addressing a rally in Suratgarh town of Ganganagar district, a day after declaring his party would roll out the scheme if voted to power, Gandhi alleged that Prime Minster Narendra Modi gave money to the rich and top industrialists of the country, but the Congress would serve the poor. He said the promised minimum income scheme was a “big bang”. “Dhamaka hai ye…bomb fatega (It’s a big bang…a bomb will set off). This is a Congress’s surgical strike on poverty. They (the BJP) worked to eliminate the poor, we will eliminate poverty,” Gandhi said.On helping the poor, he said, “We thought how it should be done. After discussion and brainstorming, we thought that there should be a minimum income line of Rs 12,000 per month. Soon after formation of the Congress government in 2019, the minimum income line in India will be Rs 12,000 per month.” He alleged that poverty and unemployment had increased under the Modi government. While the Congress-led UPA government had lifted 14 crore people out of poverty, “Modi made them poor again”, he claimed.On Monday, Gandhi announced in New Delhi that Rs 72,000 per year will be given as minimum income to poor families, benefiting around 25 crore people, if his party is voted to power in the Lok Sabha polls.“Nobody should be poor in the country in the 21st century,” he told the Suratgarh rally on Tuesday. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Monday dismissed the Congress promise of minimum guaranteed income, saying the party has a history of “cheating” the poor and misleading the country in the name of removing poverty. In 1971, Rahul Gandhi’s grandmother and then prime minister Indira Gandhi had also given ‘Garibi Hatao, Desh Bachao’ (remove poverty, save the nation) slogan during the general election campaign. Years later, PM Modi, during a speech in 2018, termed the ‘Garibi Hatao’ slogan a “false promise”. Rahul Gandhi on Tuesday also alleged the Modi government had weakened schemes and programmes such as MGNREGA and food security, introduced by the UPA dispensation. “Whatever was done under the MGRENGA, food security and loan waiver by the UPA government, has been finished by Narendra Modi. Poverty and unemployment increased in his rule,” he said. He said that top industrialists were helped by the government in “looting” the public money and their debt of Rs 3.5 lakh were written off, but farm loans were not. The Congress chief continued his “chowkidar” barb at the PM. “During the last elections, he promised jobs to two crore youths, Rs 15 lakh in every bank account. But no jobs were given and no money was transferred. He made tall promises. He spoke whatever came to his mind. He had asked the public to not make him the prime minister, but a chowkidar (watchman). But he never said that he would not be your chowkidar, but a chowkidar of people like Anil Ambani,” he said.He said all those who took away public money from banks were “helped” by the NDA government, PM Modi, BJP chief Amit Shah and Union Minister Arun Jaitley. All of them have looted public money, he charged. He also targeted the government over demonetisation and GST, and asked if the note ban was announced to curb black money, why nobody having such asset was seen in a queue to covert the currency. Banks changed the black money through the back door, he alleged.Gandhi said Shah’s son’s business of Rs 50,000 had progressed to crores of rupees, tainted businessman Mehul Choksi transferred money to the bank account of Jaitley’s daughter, and fugitive liquor baron, Vijay Mallya, met Jaitley in Parliament House before absconding. All these allegations have been refuted by the BJP and its leaders.The Congress president reiterated his allegation against the government over the Rafale deal, saying Modi helped Anil Ambani in getting the contract for manufacturing the plane, despite the fact that he had no experience in making aircraft. These allegations have also been rejected by the government and Ambani. Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot, deputy chief minister and Pradesh congress committee president Sachin Pilot, and other senior leaders of the party were present at the rally. SHARE COMMENTS SHARE SHARE EMAIL Published on Cong’s ₹72,000 a year promise to the poor can be game changer… Delhi Pradesh Congress President, Sheila Dikshit, displaying a poster on Congress President Rahul Gandhi’s promise to give Rs 72,000 as annual income support to 20 per cent of the poorest families in the country if the party is voted to power, during a addressing a press conference in New Delhi on Tuesday. — Sandeep Saxena parties and movements Congress comes up with Nyay for poor RELATED All India Congress Committee (AICC) COMMENTlast_img read more

Now Hardoi BJP MLA defends Bareilly colleagues anger at daughter marrying Dalit

first_img India Today Web Desk New DelhiJuly 13, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 15:16 IST Hardoi BJP MLA Shyam Prakash has made controversial remarks on BJP MLA Rajesh Mishra’s daughter marrying a Dalit boy.Shyam Prakash blamed Rajesh Mishra’s daughter and used casteist slurs in his post. He said, ” Whoever is praising the BJP MLA daughter’s marriage to a Dalit boy and blaming the father in TV debates will only understand it if their own sister, daughter marry outside their caste.”Shyam Prakash, however, later removed the derogatory casteist slur from his post.Shyam Prakash also attacked the Dalit boy in his post and said, “The boy’s actions have put a blot on the entire Dalit community.” Prakash urged the Dalit community to protest against it. Sakshi, the daughter of BJP MLA Rajesh Mishra, whose viral video gripped the country this week, on Friday made an emotional appeal to her father with whom she spoke while sitting in the studios of Aaj Tak TV.Sakshi, in her viral video, had said she was being threatened by her father and “his men” because she had married a Dalit man. On Friday, Sakshi appeared on Aaj Tak TV and while in the studio, spoke to her father over call.”I had so many dreams and wanted to study. I used to tell my father to take me to work but he never took me seriously,” Sakshi said in a trembling voice. In an emotional message, Sakshi asked her father to change his thinking and requested him not to discriminate.Sakshi claimed that her father never let her step out of the house. “He [Sakshi’s father] had no clue what was happening with us. My brother and mother used to harass me when you were in the office,” Sakshi added.When called, BJP MLA Rajesh Mishra alleged that his family was being harassed. As Sakshi spoke with her father on Aaj Tak, she broke down and apologised to him. Rajesh Mishra said he wished she finds happiness in life but disconnected the call soon after.THE CASESakshi and her husband Ajitesh had earlier filed a petition in the Allahabad High Court, seeking protection to “live a peaceful life” as a married couple.The next hearing in the case has been fixed for July 15 as Sakshi Mishra and her husband Ajitesh were not present in the court.Sakshi Misra (23) had uploaded a video on a social media platform last week, making her marriage with Ajitesh Kumar (29) public.In another video, she alleged there was a threat to her life from her father, brother and an associate.The couple asked for security, contending that there was a threat to their life from the BJP MLA, who was “unhappy” with their marriage as Sakshi was a Brahmin and Ajitesh a Dalit.The petitioners prayed that police or Rajesh Mishra do not disturb them in “their pAlso read: BJP MLA’s daughter, Dalit partner likely to marry in court next weekALSO WATCH| Please change your thinking: BJP MLA’s daughter’s emotional appeal to her fatherFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byIram Ara Ibrahim Now Hardoi BJP MLA defends Bareilly colleague’s anger at daughter marrying Dalit boyShyam Prakash, however, later removed the controversial word from his post.advertisement Nextlast_img read more

Meghalaya becomes first state to have water policy

first_img Asian News International ShillongJuly 13, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 18:30 IST Meghalaya Chief Minister Conrad Sangma with his cabinet on Friday. (Photo: ANI)HIGHLIGHTSThe draft was passed following detailed discussions and deliberation with the ministers of the cabinetThe policy intends to achieve sustainable development: Meghalaya Deputy CM Prestone TynsongTynsong said committees will be formed at village level to address the issue of groundwaterAmid the water crisis in the country, the Meghalaya cabinet became the first state to approve a draft water policy to address water issues, conservation, and protection of water sources in the state.The draft was passed on Friday following detailed discussions and deliberation with the ministers of the cabinet.Prestone Tynsong, Deputy Chief Minister, said, “The policy intends to achieve sustainable development, management and use of water resources with community participation. This will improve health and livelihood and reduce vulnerability among the people. This will also assure of good governance for present and future generations through integrated water resources management and environmental sustainability.””Issues such as the protection of catchment areas and river pollution have also been outlined in the policy. Community participation is what we are looking for in as we want to reach to the villages with this policy,” he said.Tynsong also said that the committees will be formed at village level and the issue of groundwater will also be catered through this policy. Also, the department will also monitor the quality of the water to check if it has a high content of iron or if it’s acidic.The government will soon notify about the policy.ALSO READ | Water woes: Running out of time | India Today InsightALSO WATCH | Tamil Nadu remains on edge as state struggles to endure water crisisFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted bySnigdha Choudhury Meghalaya becomes first state to have water policyThe policy intends to achieve sustainable development, management and use of water resources with community participation, Deputy Chief Minister Prestone Tynsong said.advertisement Nextlast_img read more

scientific organiza

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